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Table 1 The relationship between choice, values and the optimal health system

From: Priorities of health policy: cost shifting or population health

Objectives/Social Values Option which maximises likelihood of success
Equalise access, outcome Universal (monopoly) Public Insurance/Financing
Maximise choice; diversity + safety net
Optimise the max of these 2 objectives
Pure private (competitive) scheme
Both of the above Mixed public-private scheme