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Table 5 Characteristics of PHOs (simplified)

From: General practice and the New Zealand health reforms – lessons for Australia?

Small (< 20,000 enrolees)
Inadequate management resources
Large (>20,000 enrolees)
Well resourced, efficiently managed
Access funded
History – Previous NGO, capitated
Low Investment in IT, premises
Salaried doctors
Interim funded
History – Previous IPA, fee-for-service
Established IT, premises etc
Doctors own practice
Low co-payments
Full/increasing use of nurses
Established community governance
Maori and Pacific focus
Higher co-payments
Use of nurses dependent on busy-ness
Establishing community governance
General population focus