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Table 1 Dilemma associated with Type I and Type II Errors

From: The Australian experiment: the use of evidence based medicine for the reimbursement of surgical and diagnostic procedures (1998–2004)

  Procedure is Beneficial Procedure is Harmful
New procedure approved Correct Decision Type 1 Error: Allowing a harmful procedure. Victims are identifiable and traceable. Error is self-correcting
New procedure disapproved Type 2 Error: Disallowing a beneficial procedure. Victims are not identifiable. Error is not self-correcting Correct Decision