Skip to main content

Table 1 'Policy areas' that influence the food system (related to Australian context)

From: A systematic policy approach to changing the food system and physical activity environments to prevent obesity

Sector Level of governance
  Local Government State Government National Government International Organisational
Primary production • Land-use management • Primary production subsidies and taxes • Primary production subsidies and taxes • Primary production subsidies and taxes  
  • Community gardens     
Food processing   • Food safety • Product composition standards   • Product composition standards
Distribution   • Food transport • Importation restrictions, subsidies and taxes • Trade arrangements  
    • Quarantine   
Marketing   • Marketing to children • Marketing to children • Marketing to children • Marketing to children
   • Marketing practices in schools • Nutrient content disclosures in marketing material   
    • Consumer protection (e.g., misleading advertising)   
Retail • Land-use management • Products sold in schools • Nutrition labelling • Nutrition labelling • Product placement in stores
  • Density of local fresh food retailers   • Health claims on food products • Health claims on food products  
  • Density of fast food outlets   • Incentive system for welfare recipients to buy healthy food   
    • Food taxes/subsidies   
Catering/Food service   • Nutrition information in restaurants    • School food policies
   • Food safety    • Standards for food served in workplaces
      • Food procurement policies