Skip to main content

Table 2 Definitions of health facilities by type.

From: Health facilities at the district level in Indonesia

Health facility Description Public/Private
A. Multiple-provider facilities
Public hospital [Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah (RSUD)] Public hospital located at the district level Public
Private hospital [Rumah Sakit Swasta (RSUS)] Private hospital located at the district level, national and provincial government enterprises, police, defence forces. Private
Hospital for women and children [Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak (RSIA)] Private hospital for women and children located in the district. Private
Women's hospital [Rumah Sakit Bersalin (RSB)] Private women's hospital located in the district. Private
Maternity clinic [Rumah Bersalin (RB)] Private maternity clinics with more than 2 beds. Private
Health center [Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat (Puskesmas)] Public health center located in the district – in general they are located at the sud-district level. Public
Auxiliary health center [Puskesmas pembantu (Pustu)] Public auxiliary health center – in general they are located at the sub-district level, usually in a village. Public
Treatment clinic [Balai pengobatan (BP)] Treatment clinic. Before the advent of the puskesmas there were private and public treatment clinics. As the puskesmas was developed the public treatment clinics were incorporated in the puskesmas with the result that only the private balai pengobatan remained. Although they have been ignored by the government and donors they remain a significant source of treatment, especially in urban areas. They are licensed by the local government and must have a doctor as the supervisor. In practice, most of the doctors named as the supervisor seldom visit and nurses, and some midwives, provide most of the health care unsupervised. Private
B. Solo-provider facilities   
Village midwife [Bidan di desa (BDD)/Pondok Bersalin Desa (Polindes)] BDD is a village midwife who receives a government salary and also may charge for the services she provides and retain the fee herself. Although the village midwife theoretically lives in the village (desa) there are reports indicating that in many villages she lives elsewhere, maybe in a nearby urban area. The services provided by the BDD may be offered in a room in her house or in a structure in that is the property of, and was built by, the village government (polindes). In the polindes the services are provided by the village midwife who charges for the services and retains the fees. Private
Doctor in full-time private practice. Doctor whose primary professional activity is private practice and who does not receive a salary from the government.  
Doctor in part-time private practice. Doctor whose primary professional appointment is with the government to work in a government health facility and who also has a part-time private practice after office hours. Private
Nurse in part-time private practice Nurse whose primary professional activity is in a public or private health facility and who has a part-time private practice after hours. Private
Midwife in full-time private practice Midwife whose primary professional activity is private practice and who does not receive a salary from the government. Private
  1. Health facility is defined as a physical structure (which varies from a large complex of buildings to a single room in a house from which health services are offered by a doctor, nurse or midwife).