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Table 3 A summary of the effectiveness of task substitution by patient condition

From: What evidence is there to support skill mix changes between GPs, pharmacists and practice nurses in the care of elderly people living in the community?

  Outcome Measures
Medical conditions of patients Professional adherence to guideline Patient adherence to treatment Patient service use Patient physio-logical measure of disease Patient quality of life Patient health status Patient Satisfaction Patient functional status
Dr task substitution by nurse
All conditions 8 (10) 0 (1) 2 (12) 6 (9) 3 (8) 2 (8) 3 (8) 0 (2)
Respiratory    0 (1)   0 (1)   0 (1)  
Diabetes 5 (5)   0 (1) 3 (5) 0 (2) 1 (2) 0 (2) 0 (1)
Cardiovascular   0 (1) 1 (3) 1 (2) 3 (4) 1 (4) 0 (1) 0 (1)
Musculoskeletal      0 (1)    
Mental condition    0 (1)    0 (1)   
2 or more chronic condition 0 (2)   0 (1) 2 (2)     
Others         
Not specified 3 (4)   1 (5)    0 (1) 3 (4)  
Dr task substitution by pharmacist
All conditions 6 (6) 8 (11) 2 (11) 13 (14) 3 (9) 4 (5) 5 (6)  
Respiratory      1 (2)   1 (2)  
Diabetes 3 (3) 1 (1) 0 (1) 6 (6)     
Cardiovascular   2 (2) 0 (2) 4 (5) 2 (3) 2 (2) 1 (1)  
Musculoskeletal       1 (1)   
Mental condition 1 (1) 1 (1) 1 (1)    1 (2) 1 (1)  
2 or more chronic condition 1 (1) 0 (2) 1 (2) 3 (3) 0 (2)   1 (1)  
Others         
Not specified 1 (1) 4 (5) 0 (5)   0 (2)   1 (1)  
  1. Note1: Number in cells is the number of studies showing at least one significant outcome for that particular outcome measure
  2. Note2: Number in bracket is the number of studies reporting at least one outcome measure in that particular category